Racial Terms in Biomedical Research on Populations in Taiwan: The Case of Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
Joel Stocker 石明人（國立成功大學醫學系暨醫學、科技與社會研究中心 副教授）
Despite a great deal of confusion surrounding the meaning and utility of racial and ethnic categories in medical scholarship in the 21st century (Reardon, 2004), “race still yields tremendous influence on medical research and clinical practice” (Fofana, 2013, p. 1). Biomedical studies of human populations produce and communicate knowledge of supposed racial or ethnic differences, yet “the issue of population descriptors has not attracted enough academic attention outside North America and Europe” (Takezawa et al., 2014). In this paper, in order to provide a detailed understanding of how race and ethnicity have been defined and applied in biomedical research in Taiwan over time, I analyzed original medical research articles published in English from the 1960s to the 2020 in a major medical journal published in Taiwan: the Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. A literature search was performed using Embase, Medline, and SCOPUS databases. Quantitative analysis software ATLAS.ti ver. 9x (ATLAS.ti Scientific Software Development GmbH) was then used for textual analysis, to code the terms, group the codes into further analytical themes and categories, and analyze them by research article sections to look for shifts in term-usage from section to section, year-to-year, field or subfield of study, populations studied, methodological approaches, and research organizations and author affiliations and networks. In some areas of medical research, a shift has occurred from typological notions of race to statistical notions of difference among populations that are still made in racialized terms. I will discuss how this shift is reflected in some Taiwanese medical research articles, and whether doctors producing, for instance, patient case studies, show, or not, in their writing.
關鍵字：race, ethnicity, medical research articles, Taiwan medical journals